Development and validation of the Zadrian-Ifdil Problem Checklist (ZIPC) for college students

Zadrian Ardi(1), Ifdil Ifdil(2), Maysitoh Maysitoh(3),
(1) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia
(2) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia
(3) Universitas Negeri Padang  Indonesia

Corresponding Author
Copyright (c) 2020 Zadrian Ardi, Ifdil Ifdil, Maysitoh Maysitoh


Full Text:    Language : en


The variety of problem conditions and the specific dynamics of college student demographics demands a holistic measurement. Various measurements to reveal the attributes of students' problems have been developed in Indonesia, but they are not optimal because they are still partial. Even though a holistic measurement tool has been developed, its effectiveness is still a matter of debate, especially in measuring instrument duration and the number of items that are too large. The development of the Zadrian-Ifdil Problem Checklist (ZIPC) measuring instrument aims to obtain an effective and efficient measuring tool in identifying problems experienced by students daily. This study consists of three phases: item development, testing, validation, and item revision. The sample involved in this study were 639 people spread all over Indonesia. Analysis and validation of measuring tools using the Rasch model approach. The development and validation results revealed that the student version of ZIP-C was reliable and valid to reveal daily personal problems in 8 variables of problem conditions and 50 items. This measuring tool can be used for research purposes and practice services and mental health interventions by professionals.


Akeman, E., Kirlic, N., Clausen, A. N., Cosgrove, K. T., McDermott, T. J., Cromer, L. D., . . . Aupperle, R. L. (2020). A pragmatic clinical trial examining the impact of a resilience program on college student mental health. Depression and Anxiety, 37(3), 202-213. doi:10.1002/da.22969

Ardi, Z., Rangka, I., Ifdil, I., Suranata, K., Azhar, Z., Daharnis, D., . . . Alizamar, A. (2019). Exploring the elementary students learning difficulties risks on mathematics based on students mathematic anxiety, mathematics self-efficacy and value beliefs using rasch measurement. Paper presented at the Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Basu, J., Samanta, M., Basu, S., & Bhattacharya, M. (2018). Gender and mental health: Masculinity, femininity, modernity and daily hassles as predictors of subjective well-being. In Psychosocial Interventions for Health and Well-Being (pp. 313-333): Springer India.

Chang, E. C., Martos, T., Sallay, V., Chang, O. D., Wright, K. M., Najarian, A. S. M., & Lee, J. (2017). Examining Optimism and Hope as Protective Factors of Suicide Risk in Hungarian College Students: Is Risk Highest Among Those Lacking Positive Psychological Protection? Cognitive Therapy and Research, 41(2), 278-288. doi:10.1007/s10608-016-9810-0

Chi, Y. Y., Glueck, D. H., & Muller, K. E. (2019). Power and Sample Size for Fixed-Effects Inference in Reversible Linear Mixed Models. American Statistician, 73(4), 350-359. doi:10.1080/00031305.2017.1415972

Chou, W. P., Ko, C. H., Kaufman, E. A., Crowell, S. E., Hsiao, R. C., Wang, P. W., . . . Yen, C. F. (2015). Association of stress coping strategies with Internet addiction in college students: The moderating effect of depression. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 62, 27-33. doi:10.1016/j.comppsych.2015.06.004

Cooper, S. E. (2018). A Primer on College Student Substance Use Disorders Screening, Assessment, and Treatment Planning. Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 32(1), 73-89. doi:10.1080/87568225.2017.1343107

da Silva, W. R., Pimenta, F., Zaffaroni, L., Castelnuovo, G., Pietrabissa, G., Marôco, J., . . . Campos, J. A. D. B. (2020). Body Image Quality of Life Inventory: cross-national study in college students from four different countries. Eating and Weight Disorders, 25(4), 1079-1088. doi:10.1007/s40519-019-00732-6

Fogaca, J. L. (2019). Combining Mental Health and Performance Interventions: Coping and Social Support for Student-Athletes. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. doi:10.1080/10413200.2019.1648326

García Cruz, R., Valencia Ortiz, A. I., Hernández-Martínez, A., & Rocha Sánchez, T. E. (2017). Rumination and depression among college students: Rethinking the impact of gender-role. Interamerican Journal of Psychology, 51(3), 406-416. doi:10.30849/rip/ijp.v51i3.384

Hui, J. (2020). Correlation between sports activities and anxiety states of college students. Revista Argentina de Clinica Psicologica, 29(2), 301-306. doi:10.24205/03276716.2020.240

Hunt, T. K., Forbush, K. T., Hagan, K. E., & Chapa, D. A. N. (2017). Do emotion regulation difficulties when upset influence the association between dietary restraint and weight gain among college students? Appetite, 114, 101-109. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2017.03.029

Karris Bachik, M. A., Carey, G., & Craighead, W. E. (2020). VIA character strengths among U.S. college students and their associations with happiness, well-being, resiliency, academic success and psychopathology. Journal of Positive Psychology. doi:10.1080/17439760.2020.1752785

Kim, B., Lee, S., & Lee, S. M. (2020). Exploration of Latent Profiles of the Career Flexibility Inventory Among Korean College Students. Journal of Employment Counseling, 57(2), 50-65. doi:10.1002/joec.12137

Kim, Y. R., Hwang, B. I., Lee, G. Y., Kim, K. H., Kim, M., Kim, K. K., & Treasure, J. (2018). Determinants of binge eating disorder among normal weight and overweight female college students in Korea. Eating and Weight Disorders, 23(6), 849-860. doi:10.1007/s40519-018-0574-2

Klanecky, A. K., Ruhnke, E. J., & Meyer, R. M. (2019). The interaction of child/adolescent trauma exposure, emotion regulation difficulties, and induced negative mood on tension reduction alcohol expectancies. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 33(3), 274-284. doi:10.1037/adb0000448

Li, H., Li, W., Liu, Q., Zhao, A., Prevatt, F., & Yang, J. (2008). Variables predicting the mental health status of Chinese college students. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 1(2), 37-41. doi:10.1016/j.ajp.2008.09.003

Liu, W., Li, J., Huang, Y., Yu, B., Qin, R., & Cao, X. (2020). The relationship between left-behind experience and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in college students in China: the mediation effect of self-esteem. Psychology, Health and Medicine. doi:10.1080/13548506.2020.1748667

Mehta, C. M., & Dementieva, Y. (2017). The Contextual Specificity of Gender: Femininity and Masculinity in College Students’ Same- and Other-Gender Peer Contexts. Sex Roles, 76(9-10), 604-614. doi:10.1007/s11199-016-0632-z

Mohr, D., & Rosén, L. A. (2017). The Impact of Protective Factors on Posttraumatic Growth for College Student Survivors of Childhood Maltreatment. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 26(7), 756-771. doi:10.1080/10926771.2017.1304478

Morán, V. E., Olaz, F. O., & Del Prette, Z. A. P. (2015). Social Skills Questionnaire for Argentinean College Students (SSQ-U) Development and Validation. Spanish Journal of Psychology. doi:10.1017/sjp.2015.92

Peltz, J. S., Rogge, R. D., Bodenlos, J. S., Kingery, J. N., & Pigeon, W. R. (2020). Changes in psychological inflexibility as a potential mediator of longitudinal links between college students’ sleep problems and depressive symptoms. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 15, 110-122. doi:10.1016/j.jcbs.2019.12.003

Preddy, T. M., McIndoo, C. C., & Hopko, D. R. (2013). Abbreviated mindfulness-based therapy for a depressed college student. Clinical Case Studies, 12(5), 360-372. doi:10.1177/1534650113496142

Ramos-Guajardo, A. B., González-Rodríguez, G., & Colubi, A. (2020). Testing the degree of overlap for the expected value of random intervals. International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, 119, 1-19. doi:10.1016/j.ijar.2019.12.012

Rehman, A. U., Bhuttah, T. M., & You, X. (2020). Linking burnout to psychological well-being: The mediating role of social support and learning motivation. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, 13, 545-554. doi:10.2147/PRBM.S250961

Reiland, S. A. (2017). Event Centrality as Mediator Between Attributions and Mental Health Outcomes. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 26(6), 574-589. doi:10.1080/10926771.2017.1308981

Schroder, H. S., Dawood, S., Yalch, M. M., Donnellan, M. B., & Moser, J. S. (2015). The Role of Implicit Theories in Mental Health Symptoms, Emotion Regulation, and Hypothetical Treatment Choices in College Students. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 39(2), 120-139. doi:10.1007/s10608-014-9652-6

Syahniar, S., Maysitoh, M., Ifdil, I., Ardi, Z., Yendi, F., Rangka, I., . . . Churnia, E. (2018). Social media fear of missing out: psychometrics evaluation based on Indonesian evidence. Paper presented at the Journal of Physics: Conference Series.

Tarescavage, A. M., Forner, E. H., & Ben-Porath, Y. (2020). Construct Validity of DSM-5 Level 2 Assessments (PROMIS Depression, Anxiety, and Anger): Evidence From the MMPI-2-RF. Assessment. doi:10.1177/1073191120911092

Tian, L., & Heppner, P. P. (2018). The development and validation of a Chinese proactive coping inventory among Chinese college students. International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 7(1), 19-34. doi:10.1037/ipp0000081

Vasko, J. M., Meinzer, M. C., Murphy, J. G., Oddo, L. E., McCauley, K. L., Rooney, M. E., . . . Chronis-Tuscano, A. (2019). Brief Intervention to Reduce Problem Drinking in College Students With ADHD. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 26(3), 506-521. doi:10.1016/j.cbpra.2019.02.003

Walker, R., & Stephens, R. S. (2014). Protective behavioral strategies mediate problem-focused coping and alcohol use in college students. Addictive Behaviors, 39(6), 1033-1037. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.02.006

Yan, W., Li, Y., & Sui, N. (2014). The relationship between recent stressful life events, personality traits, perceived family functioning and internet addiction among college students. Stress and Health, 30(1), 3-11. doi:10.1002/smi.2490

Yılmaz Irmak, T., Aksel, Ş., & Thompson, D. (2016). Coping Strategies and Depression Among College Students Following Child Sexual Abuse in Turkey. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 25(8), 881-894. doi:10.1080/10538712.2016.1236871

Zhang, J., Lanza, S., Zhang, M., & Su, B. (2015). Structure of the university personality inventory for chinese college students. Psychological reports, 116(3), 821-839. doi:10.2466/08.02.PR0.116k26w3

Zhang, Y. J., Wang, H. Y., Yan, C., Wang, L. L., Cheung, E. F. C., & Chan, R. C. K. (2019). Working memory training can improve anhedonia in college students with subsyndromal depressive symptoms. PsyCh Journal, 8(4), 401-410. doi:10.1002/pchj.271

Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 0 times
 PDF Downloaded : 0 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Zadrian Ardi, Ifdil Ifdil, Maysitoh Maysitoh

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.